This church is the traditional site where Jesus appeared to St. Catherine and informed her that she will be martyred. Her body is buried on Mt. Sinai. A beautiful church built upon the foundations of a Crusader church. The front facade has a statute of St. Catherine.

St. Catherine Church is beside the Church of the Nativity and is accessible by a doorway.

A small staircase at the side of this church leads back to the grottos underneath the Church of the Nativity Church and to St. Jerome’s cave.