There are three churches built over three significant caves in Israel. These are the birth cave in Bethlehem (Church of the Nativity), the rock-cut tomb near Golgotha (Church of the Holy Sepulchre), and the cave on the Mount of Olives with which Jesus’ ascension is linked. A church was built over this cave by Queen Helena, mother of Emperor Constantine. Over time, this church become closely linked with the place where Jesus taught his disciples the Pater Noster, also known as “Our Father” or the Lord’s Prayer. This is the Church of the Pater Noster.
This church contains mosaics of the Lord’s Prayer in over 100 languages.
|cloister of the Convent of the Pater Noster|
LK 11:1 One day Jesus was praying in a certain place. When he finished, one of his disciples said to him, “Lord, teach us to pray, just as John taught his disciples.”
LK 11:2 He said to them, “When you pray, say:
hallowed be your name,
your kingdom come.
LK 11:3 Give us each day our daily bread.
LK 11:4 Forgive us our sins,
for we also forgive everyone who sins against us.
And lead us not into temptation. ‘ ” (NIV)
Jesus also taught the Lord’s Prayer during the Sermon on the Mount in Matthew 6: 9-13 by the Sea of Galilee.
MT 6:9 “This, then, is how you should pray:
” `Our Father in heaven,
hallowed be your name,
MT 6:10 your kingdom come,
your will be done
on earth as it is in heaven.
MT 6:11 Give us today our daily bread.
MT 6:12 Forgive us our debts,
as we also have forgiven our debtors.
MT 6:13 And lead us not into temptation,
but deliver us from the evil one. ‘ (NIV)
|the Lord’s Prayer in different languages|
The Gospel account provides almost no information on the location of Jesus’ teaching of the Lord’s Prayer, also known as the “Our Father.” The 3rd-century Acts of John (ch. 97) mentions the existence of a cave on the Mount of Olives associated with the teaching of Jesus, but not specifically the Lord’s Prayer.
|the unfinished walls of the church|
The 4th-century Byzantine church has been partially reconstructed
|courtyard with mosaic of the Lord’s Prayer in different languages|
The unroofed church has steps leading down into the cave, which was partially collapsed when discovered in 1910. It is an interesting medley of ancient rock cuttings, concrete supports and marble furnishings. The cave cuts partly into a 1st-century tomb.
This cave is the traditional site on the Mount of Olives where Jesus met his disciples and taught them.
links to some of my sermons on the Lord’s Prayer
The Rainbow of Prayer (dynamics of actions)